Good and healthy habits are laid in early childhood. These include daily personal hygiene. They are important not only for improving health and protection against infectious diseases, but also for the appearance of a person. A well-bred child grows up as a neat, clean person, with whom other people like to be in the same room, sit at the dinner table, and just talk.
What personal hygiene rules should a child know
A child from childhood should be accustomed to certain actions, which should become mandatory, automatic, not causing questions and doubts. These include:
- Wash hands in the mornings, before meals and after meals, after going to the toilet, after coming from a walk and generally as it gets dirty.
- The child should be able to monitor the cleanliness and length of the nails, regularly cut them.
- Take a shower or bath daily before bedtime and after active games.
- Wash hair several times a week.
- Brush your teeth twice a day.
In addition, the child must pay attention to the condition of clothes and shoes, be able to use a handkerchief, personal towel and comb.
From what age do children need hygiene?
Children begin to distinguish objects surrounding them from 3-4 months. This is the age of first impressions of sounds, colors, smells. The child will begin to turn regular evening bathing into a game, slap his hands on the water, touch a washcloth, soap foam.
Water procedures should give pleasure, be fixed in the consciousness of crumbs as a pleasant and positive action. Kids are not yet able to understand the meaning of this event, but constantly repeating actions will become a ritual, as long as it is only a morning wash, evening bath and wash your hands before eating.
With the advent of the first tooth, one can begin accustoming to brushing. For starters, it will be a soft nozzle on the finger, and later - a baby brush. When the first milk teeth come out, the mother puts the nozzle on her finger herself and brushes the baby’s teeth every day.
At the age of one, a child is happy to copy the behavior of adults and this should be used to teach new skills. Accustomed to daily washing of hands and face, the baby can try to do it on their own. Watching the actions of mom, he will begin to collect water in his hands, bring it to his face, wipe his hands with a towel. At this age, a personal example of parents is very important. All actions can be accompanied by explanations of why they are necessary.
By the age of six, the child must master the basic hygiene procedures and perform them without reminders, not being capricious and not arguing.
How to instill the necessary skills in the baby
Children differ from each other in character, quick wit and many other qualities. Therefore, the upbringing of correct habits in children occurs at different speeds. In any case, parents must adhere to the basic rules recommended by child psychologists and doctors.
- The most important point for quick getting used to hygiene is a strict regimen and mandatory procedures. The child needs to show each action many times and in detail, explaining its meaning.
- The second important point is a personal example of parents. Otherwise, children will have doubts about the need for personal hygiene.
- Begin to form new skills in an easy, playful way. For a baby, hand washing should not look like a whim of adults, causing internal resistance, or an unpleasant duty. Personal care should be comfortable and not burdensome.
- For washing hands, it is better to buy liquid soap with a dispenser: kids love to press buttons. In addition, ordinary soap can slip out of weak handles.
Water should be pleasantly warm, pouring from a tap with a low pressure. To make the child more interesting, you can allow him to open the tap, spray, blow on soap bubbles.
You can swim with toys floating on the water. You can draw water into plastic cups and pour onto yourself. Parents will have to come to terms with the flooded floor and splattered walls. But the child will be happy to take a bath, it will not cause whims and tears.
Until the baby learns to brush his teeth on his own, you can give him a toothbrush in his hands and allow her to hold during brushing. You can’t leave the baby alone - children love to taste deliciously smelling toothpaste. It is harmful to the digestive system of the baby.
The toothbrush should be soft, with a thick comfortable handle. You do not need to allow the baby to play with a toothbrush, this is a matter of personal hygiene.
A child needs to change clothes every day, and boys and socks. As they grow older, parents should gently pay attention to the baby's clothes. Children should be able to neatly fold things, do not throw them on the floor, but put them on a chair or in a closet.
The main mistakes of parents
Do not scare your child with viruses, bacteria and tooth decay. Talk about the fact that if he doesn’t wash his hands, he will definitely get sick. The kid will not understand what is at stake, and will not be afraid. It is more useful to use other ways of motivation, to interest the baby in toys, to tell how beautiful and clean it will be when it is washed.
You can not use violence, it will cause the opposite result. Then the child will completely refuse to comply with any hygiene rules.
Mom needs to be patient, not to get annoyed due to the slowness and awkwardness of the child. Otherwise, hygiene procedures will be associated with insecurity in mother's love, with negative emotions.
These recommendations seem simple and natural for adults, tidy people. However, for children they are new and incomprehensible, so the process of developing hygienic rules does not always go smoothly.
Children's poems and fairy tales can be a good helper, where due attention is paid to this issue. There are good fairy tales by K. Chukovsky “Moidodyr”, “Fedorino Gora”, which can be read during the day and explained to children how important it is to wash and wash your hands. What could be the consequences if you do not. In these tales, there are especially many motivating situations for the baby to make friends with water and soap.
Washing and bathing can also be accompanied by small poems and songs on the topic of washing, health and cleanliness.
If you systematically tell and show the baby all the hygiene procedures, while maintaining a positive attitude, without insisting when he refuses to do something, the baby will learn everything by himself. Gradually, all skills will become a habit, the child will imperceptibly follow all the rules of hygiene for the joy of mom and dad.