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How to prepare for an X-ray examination

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It is impossible to imagine the existence of modern medicine without x-ray studies. Diagnosis of 70% of diseases requires confirmation by x-ray methods. The role of x-rays in the diagnosis of lung diseases is irreplaceable.

X-ray studies of the lungs are used in the following cases:

  • diagnosis of diseases
  • disease prevention
  • with injuries
  • determine the need and feasibility of the operation,
  • control over the course of surgical intervention,
  • monitoring the effectiveness of treatment.

How to get directions to an x-ray of the lungs?

An X-ray examination of the lungs without a doctor’s direction is not carried out. A referral is issued by a doctor in order to confirm or refute the alleged diagnosis only after examination, passing tests and a thorough examination of the patient by other methods. Only the doctor decides which X-ray method will be most effective in this case, takes into account the harm and benefit of the chosen technique.

An X-ray examination of the lungs is performed if you suspect the following conditions:

  • pneumonia, pleurisy,
  • tuberculosis process
  • tumor process in the lung tissue and mediastinal organs,
  • cardiac pathology
  • traumatic lung injuries.
A referral for an X-ray examination of the lungs can be issued:
  • therapist (sign up),
  • pediatrician (sign up),
  • pulmonologist (sign up),
  • cardiologist (sign up),
  • oncologist (sign up),
  • traumatologist (sign up).

Where is x-ray of the lungs done?

Radiography is one of the most affordable diagnostic methods. X-ray rooms are available in any clinic, and in some clinics there are whole radiological departments. Diagnostic and preventive x-ray examination of the lungs is carried out in a clinic in the direction of a specialized doctor. In more complex cases, the patient may undergo, for example, a CT scan, to a diagnostic center equipped with appropriate equipment.

In case of chest injuries, suspected acute pneumonia, shortness of breath and loss of consciousness, an ambulance should be called immediately. In emergency cases, X-ray diagnostics are performed immediately upon admission to the hospital to exclude life-threatening conditions. If necessary, x-ray diagnostics can be performed at home or in the field using mobile x-ray units.

X-ray diagnostics in medical institutions are carried out in specially equipped premises - radiological rooms, the arrangement of which requires radiation safety requirements for patients and medical personnel. It can be installed x-ray machines of various kinds.

The following types of x-ray machines are available:

  • fixed x-ray machines - are operated only in x-ray rooms,
  • mobile x-ray machines (portable, mobile) - are used in wards, in operating rooms, on the road, at home,
  • system-wide x-ray machines - allow examinations of all parts of the body,
  • special x-ray machines (fluorographic, dental and other) - are intended for inspection of specific organs and systems.

What is an x-ray room and what is it equipped with?

An X-ray room is a special room with high radiation protection, in which X-ray diagnostics are performed. It has one or more x-ray machines of different capacities for examining different parts of the body. All cabinet surfaces - walls, doors, windows, floors - are protected by special anti-radiation screens. Entrance to the office is allowed only at the invitation of the radiologist. A radiation hazard sign and a light panel with the inscription “Do not enter” should be installed on the entrance doors, which turns on when the patient is examined in the office.

An X-ray room usually consists of the following rooms:

  • treatment room - where are the x-ray machines,
  • control rooms - where is the doctor conducting the test,
  • darkroom
  • changing rooms for patients
  • premises for staff
  • waiting rooms.
The following equipment should be installed in the radiology room:
  • one or more x-ray machines,
  • control equipment appropriate to the type of x-ray apparatus,
  • screens and protective devices for the patient

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