It is impossible to imagine the existence of modern medicine without x-ray studies. Diagnosis of 70% of diseases requires confirmation by x-ray methods. The role of x-rays in the diagnosis of lung diseases is irreplaceable.
X-ray studies of the lungs are used in the following cases:
- diagnosis of diseases
- disease prevention
- with injuries
- determine the need and feasibility of the operation,
- control over the course of surgical intervention,
- monitoring the effectiveness of treatment.
How to get directions to an x-ray of the lungs?
An X-ray examination of the lungs without a doctor’s direction is not carried out. A referral is issued by a doctor in order to confirm or refute the alleged diagnosis only after examination, passing tests and a thorough examination of the patient by other methods. Only the doctor decides which X-ray method will be most effective in this case, takes into account the harm and benefit of the chosen technique.
An X-ray examination of the lungs is performed if you suspect the following conditions:
- pneumonia, pleurisy,
- tuberculosis process
- tumor process in the lung tissue and mediastinal organs,
- cardiac pathology
- traumatic lung injuries.
- therapist (sign up),
- pediatrician (sign up),
- pulmonologist (sign up),
- cardiologist (sign up),
- oncologist (sign up),
- traumatologist (sign up).
Where is x-ray of the lungs done?
Radiography is one of the most affordable diagnostic methods. X-ray rooms are available in any clinic, and in some clinics there are whole radiological departments. Diagnostic and preventive x-ray examination of the lungs is carried out in a clinic in the direction of a specialized doctor. In more complex cases, the patient may undergo, for example, a CT scan, to a diagnostic center equipped with appropriate equipment.
In case of chest injuries, suspected acute pneumonia, shortness of breath and loss of consciousness, an ambulance should be called immediately. In emergency cases, X-ray diagnostics are performed immediately upon admission to the hospital to exclude life-threatening conditions. If necessary, x-ray diagnostics can be performed at home or in the field using mobile x-ray units.
X-ray diagnostics in medical institutions are carried out in specially equipped premises - radiological rooms, the arrangement of which requires radiation safety requirements for patients and medical personnel. It can be installed x-ray machines of various kinds.
The following types of x-ray machines are available:
- fixed x-ray machines - are operated only in x-ray rooms,
- mobile x-ray machines (portable, mobile) - are used in wards, in operating rooms, on the road, at home,
- system-wide x-ray machines - allow examinations of all parts of the body,
- special x-ray machines (fluorographic, dental and other) - are intended for inspection of specific organs and systems.
What is an x-ray room and what is it equipped with?
An X-ray room is a special room with high radiation protection, in which X-ray diagnostics are performed. It has one or more x-ray machines of different capacities for examining different parts of the body. All cabinet surfaces - walls, doors, windows, floors - are protected by special anti-radiation screens. Entrance to the office is allowed only at the invitation of the radiologist. A radiation hazard sign and a light panel with the inscription “Do not enter” should be installed on the entrance doors, which turns on when the patient is examined in the office.
An X-ray room usually consists of the following rooms:
- treatment room - where are the x-ray machines,
- control rooms - where is the doctor conducting the test,
- changing rooms for patients
- premises for staff
- waiting rooms.
- one or more x-ray machines,
- control equipment appropriate to the type of x-ray apparatus,
- screens and protective devices for the patient